Facebook COO:伟大的领导者不仅要得到团队的智慧,更要赢得他们

Yanky/2017-05-23/ 分类:创业故事/阅读:
Facebook COO:伟大的领导者不仅要得到团队的智慧,更要赢得他们的心,命运偏爱勇者、反馈是一种本领、以身作则、向前一步。 ...

6月27日上午,在清华经管学院毕业典礼上,Facebook公司COO谢丽尔•桑德伯格发表了演讲,她说在Facebook公司的墙上贴着提醒员工要有远大目标的海报——挑战自我每一天都要做得更多。她表示这些海报中蕴含了一些重要的有关的经验,并向清华毕业生分享了四点经验:命运偏爱勇者、反馈是一种本领、以身作则、向前一步。

钱颖一院长、杰出的清华经管学院的教师们、自豪的毕业生亲属、鼎力支持他们的朋友们、以及更重要的是,清华经管学院2015届的毕业生们:

我很荣幸今天来到这里为你们做毕业典礼演讲。同我的老板马克•扎克伯格不一样的是,我不会讲中文。为此我感到抱歉。但是,他请我用中文转达他对大家的问候——祝贺。今天能在这里祝贺优秀的同学们毕业,我感到非常兴奋。

当钱颖一院长邀请我今天来做演讲时,我想,来给远比我年轻比我酷的人演讲?这事儿我能做。我在Facebook每天都要做这样的事情。因为扎克伯格比我小15岁,并且我们的大多数员工是他的同龄人,而不是我这个年龄的。我喜欢和年轻人在一起,除非他们问我“你在大学时没有手机用是怎样的日子?”甚至更糟糕的问题是,“谢丽尔,你能过来一下吗?我们想知道岁数大的人对这个新功能有什么看法?”

我1991年从哈佛大学本科毕业,获得经济学学士学位;1995年从哈佛商学院毕业,获得MBA学位——所以可以说,我上了美国的清华大学。其实这并不是那么久远的事情。但是我能告诉你的是,这个世界在这短短的25年当中发生了翻天覆地的变化。在哈佛商学院时,我所在的班级曾尝试进行学院的第一次在线课程。我们当时必须给每人发一张写有我们网名的列表,因为那时在网上使用真名是件让人难以想象的事。但是最后还是没有搞成,因为电脑系统不断崩溃——当时根本无法实现90人同时在线交流。

不过在系统崩溃之间的几个短暂瞬间里,我们窥见了未来——一个技术可以实现我们和同事、家人、朋友连接在一起的未来。现在的世界已经是我坐在你们这个位置时难以想象的世界了。而从现在起的未来25年,你们将帮助塑造属于你们这一代人的世界。

作为清华的毕业生,你们不仅将成为中国的领袖,还将成为全球的领袖。中国在教育程度及经济增长方面都已是世界的领先者。不仅是政界和商界的领袖们认识到中国的重要性,许多美国的父母也认识到了这一点。在我所居住的旧金山湾区,最难进的中小学校正是那些教汉语的学校。

但事实是,国家不能领导,要靠人来领导。

从你们今天毕业起,你们就开启了成为领导者的征程。你会成为什么样的领导者?你会对他人产生多大的影响?你将会在世界上留下什么样的印记?

在Facebook公司里,我们的墙上贴着提醒我们要有远大目标的海报——挑战自我每一天都要做得更多。这些海报中蕴含了一些重要的有关领导力的经验——今天,我想分享其中我认为会对你们有意义的四点。

Facebook公司之所以存在,是因为扎克伯格相信,通过科技实现个人之间的互联,可以使这个世界变得更美好。他深信于此,以至于从哈佛大学本科辍学去追求自己的理想,并且这些年来他一直为此奋斗不止。扎克伯格靠的不是运气,而是勇气。

能像扎克伯格那样这么早就发现自己的热情所在,是一件不同寻常的事。我花了长得多的时间才发现自己到底想做什么。在我穿着学位服参加毕业典礼时,我无论如何也想不到自己会到Facebook工作,因为那时互联网还不存在——并且扎克伯格当时只有11岁。我当时想我只会在政府或者非营利组织工作,因为我相信这些机构或组织可以让世界变得更美好,而公司是以盈利为导向的。但是,当我在美国财政部工作的时候,我看到了科技公司在很大程度上影响着世界,于是我改变了自己的想法。因此,当我结束了在政府部门的工作后,我决定搬到硅谷去。

回过头看,这似乎是一个明智的举动。但是在2001年,这是个可被质疑的决定,因为那时科技泡沫刚刚破灭。大公司都在大规模裁员,小公司倒闭如潮。我给自己4个月的期限要找到一份工作,但是我足足花了将近一年的时间。在我最初接受的某次面试当中,有一个公司的首席执行官对我说:“我之所以面试你,完全是受朋友所托,但是我根本不会考虑聘用像你这样的人——在政府工作过的人无法胜任科技公司的工作。”

最终,我还是说服了某个公司雇佣了我。14年过去了,我仍然热爱在科技公司工作。这虽然不是我的初衷,但是我最终还是找到了我的热情所在。

我希望,如果你在一条道路上前行,却发现自己的心另有所属,那么就请你去独辟蹊径,以到达理想的彼岸。如果一次没有成功,请继续锲而不舍地尝试。直到找到能点燃你激情的,对自己、对他人都有意义的工作。能将激情和奉献完美结合是一种奢侈。一旦达成,幸福将至。

在Facebook,我知道决定我工作绩效的最重要的因素是我与扎克伯格的关系。当我刚加入Facebook公司时,我就让他做出承诺,每星期都要给我工作反馈,这样任何困扰他的事情都可以尽快讨论。他不仅爽快地答应了,并且立即说他也希望我也对他做反馈。在最初的几年当中,我们都坚持这样的惯例,每周五下午见面谈论我们所关心的事情,事无巨细。几年下来,分享真实的意见已经成为我们关系当中很自然的一部分,我们现在随时会这么做,而不必再等到周五了。

从自己老板那里获得反馈很重要,但是从自己的下属那里获得反馈也同样至关重要。这绝非易事,因为员工总是太过于渴望去取悦他们的上司,而不去批评或质疑他们的上司。

我最喜欢的一个例子是来自华尔街的。1990年,鲍勃•鲁宾成为公司的首席执行官。上任满第一周,在查看公司账目时,他发现有一大笔在黄金上的投资。他问为什么会投资黄金?结果答案是,“因为您,先生。”“我?”他迷惑了。显然是因为在头一天他在交易所视察时曾经说过一句“黄金看起来有点意思”,结果这句话就被传成了“鲁宾喜欢黄金”,然后就有人花了几百万美元来讨老板的欢心。

我也遇到过类似的挑战,当然比这事的影响要在小一些的量级上。我刚加入Facebook时,我的职责之一是建立公司的商业运作——但与此同时还不能破坏成就Facebook的那种工程技术驱动的文化。所以我尝试做的一件事就是鼓励人们在和我开会时不要做正式的电子演示文稿。最开始我讲得很客气,结果所有人都无视我的要求,仍然在做电子演示文稿。大概过了两年吧,我就说,“好了,我通常不喜欢立规矩,但我现在必须定个规矩,和我开会时谁也不能再做电子演示文稿了。”

大约一个月之后,当我正要对我们的全球销售团队讲话时,一个同事对我说,“在你上台之前,有件事你应该知道,大家对你规定的‘和客户会面不做电子演示文稿’的规定很有意见。”我感到很震惊,我从来没有禁止过给客户做电子演示文稿!我只是不希望他们在和我开会的时候用电子演示文稿。和客户展示产品时怎么能不做电子演示文稿?所以我上台就说,“首先,我说的是和我开会时不用电子演示文稿。其次,下次你们再听到坏点子——就像和客户会面不做电子演示文稿这类——请大声说出来。哪怕你知道那话是我说的,请告诉我这是错误的!”

一个好的领导者知道大部分雇员不愿意挑战权威,所以领导者就有义务主动要求反馈。我从电子演示文稿事件中吸取了教训。我现在经常问我的同事“有哪些地方我还能做得更好?”我总是对那些敢于对我说实话的人心怀感激,并且当众表扬他们。我深信只有你和你的同事并肩做战,只有当你不仅指挥而且也聆听时,你才能成为最好的领导。

当我刚入职场时,我观察那些身处领导岗位的人时会想,“他们太幸运了,他们有那么大的掌控力。”所以你们可以想象的到,当我在商学院选修领导力课程时被告知,职位越高将会越依赖他人时,我有多么的惊讶。说实话,那时候我认为教授讲的是错的。

其实教授讲的是对的。我依赖我的销售团队,而不是反过来。如果他们达不到销售目标,是我的责任。作为领导者,我所要实现的不仅是竭尽个人之所能,而是要让我的团队中的所有人发挥自己的能力。

不同国家的企业运作都有其特定的文化特点。但我相信有一些领导力的原则是世界通用的——其中一条就是激发总是好过指示。是的,在多数组织里,员工总是按照老板的指示来做事。但是伟大的领导者不仅仅只是需要完全的服从。他们想要的是激发出员工心底的热情,完全的信任及真正的敬业精神。他们不仅仅是要得到团队的智慧,而是要赢得他们的心。如果他们相信公司的使命并且对你也信之如笃,那么他们就不仅仅只是把日常任务完成好,而且是以真正的热情来投入这些工作。

没有人能像我挚爱的丈夫大卫•高德伯格那样赢得那么多人的心,他不幸在两个月前突然去世。大卫是一个真正能激发人的领导者。他为人和善、待人慷慨,思维深刻。他提升了他周围每一个人的业绩水平。他是SurveyMonkey公司的首席执行官,这是他帮助建立起来的一个极为出色的公司。他是为了我和我们的孩子这样去做的。

我们的一个朋友、硅谷著名的风险投资人比尔•格雷,写过一篇短文号召人们“向大卫那样”。比尔写到,“大卫向我们所有人完整地展示了怎样做一个伟大的人……但是这并不让人有挫折感,因为大卫的伟大并不是好竞争的或威胁他人的,他的伟大是柔和的,触动心灵的,无私的。他是领导者‘以身作则’理念的经典标杆。”

哈佛商学院弗朗西斯•福雷教授曾经说过,“领导力表现在,因为你的存在能使他人变得更好,而且当你不在的时候你的影响力还能一直持续。”就像大卫一样,你们也应该能在自己的职业生涯中为他人做到这一切。

中国有句话叫“妇女能顶半边天”,这个说法被世界各地广为引用。女性在中国历史上及现在都扮演着特殊的角色。

当世界各国都在聚焦讨论女性的地位和发展的时候,我们曾在这里—北京讨论过这个问题。早在1995年,《北京宣言》和《行动纲领》,这两个号召女性全方位和平等地参与生活和决策的宣言和纲领,就由189个国家的政府在北京共同签署。去年,在这一历史性宣言20周年之际,各国领导人重聚在此,向人们传递这一北京承诺:男女平等。

但是,尽管我们认识到女性的重要性及力量,当我们审视各国的领导层时,仍然绝大多数由男性主导。在几乎所有国家——包括美国和中国,只有不到6%的顶尖企业是由女性来领导的。女性在各行各业的领导角色都少之又少。这意味着,在做出影响我们所有人福祉的决定时,女性的意见无法被平等地听取。

产生领导角色性别差异的原因很多——直接的性别歧视、女性需要承担更多的家庭责任、职场中缺乏灵活性,更为重要的是,我们带有的偏见。虽然全球各地的文化千差万别,但是我们对于男性与女性的偏见却惊人的相似。尽管女性的地位在中国及全球各地都在不断变化与演进,传统的预期与偏见却依然如故。直到今天,在美国、中国乃至全球各地,男性总被期待去领导、奋进、成功,而女性则被期待去分享、融通、屈从他人。我们期待男孩和男人展现领导力,但是当一个小女孩出头来领导时,英语中我们称她“专横”,中文则称之为“强势”。

其它一些社会因素也阻碍了女性的前进。女性通常被职业社交圈排除在外——比如“关系”——以及正式的、非正式的对职业发展至关重要的社交活动。在美国也是如此。在美国,男性通常选择去指导其他男性而不是女性。

我相信,如果男性能够承担起家庭的一半责任,女性承担起职场的一半责任,这个世界将会变得更加美好——好消息是,我们能够改变偏见,实现真正的平等。我们能够支持职场中的女性领导者。我们能够在家庭中找到更多的平衡,父亲帮助母亲打理家务、抚养子女;更加平等的婚姻会获得更多幸福;更积极主动的父亲能够培养出更成功的子女。我们可以走到说小女孩“专横”的人面前说:“那个女孩不是专横,她具有高级的领导才华。”

我想澄清一点——平等不仅仅只对女性有益,而是对所有人都有益。职场中女性的参与是经济增长的主要动力之一。那些充分发挥所有人才能的公司要远远比没有认识到这点的公司更加成功。去年站在这个位置演讲的创始人曾经说过,“阿里巴巴成功的秘诀之一是因为我们有很多女性……没有女性,就没有阿里巴巴。”在阿里巴巴公司,有40%的员工是女性,并且有35%的高层管理者是女性——这远远超过世界上多数公司。

伟大的领导者不仅仅培养与他们相像的人,他们培养每一个人。如果你想成为一个伟大的领导者,无论在公司里还是团队中,在培养男性员工的同时也要注意培养女性员工。

我们的女性同行也可以帮助我们自身的发展。当2013年《向前一步》这本书出版的时候,我们成立了LeanIn.Org。这是一个非营利性组织,旨在帮助女性实现自己的目标。LeanIn.Org通过组织Lean In Circles互组小组来达到个体间互相帮助的目的。小组成员通过定期见面来相互分享并互助学习。目前,在超过100个国家里大约有2.3万个这样的互助小组。

我见到的第一个国际Lean In Circle互助小组就是在北京——一群年轻的职业女性聚集在一起,支持彼此的职业理想并挑战“剩女”这个称谓。在过去的两年间,她们已经在全中国建立了互助网络,从职业白领到大学生——女性和男性一起来支持平等权利。其中一个互助小组就在清华,今天上午我还与她们见了面。她们对学业及职业前景的热情深深地打动了我。其中一个成员告诉我:“我加入清华互助小组以后开始深刻领会到‘得道多助’这句中国谚语的意思。”

我相信,你们这一代人将会在解决男女平等问题上比我们这一代做得更好。我们寄希望于你们,你们是一个更加平等的世界的希望所在。

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今天是一个欢庆的日子,一个庆祝你们成就的日子,一个几经努力换来的时刻。

今天是一个感恩的日子,一个应该感谢那些帮助过你们获得今天成绩的人们的日子——是他们培育了你,教导了你,带给了你的欢乐并擦干了你的眼泪。

今天是个值得思考的日子,一个应该思考你想成为什么样的领导者的日子。

我坚信你们将是未来的领导者,不仅是中国的领导者,也是世界的领导者。对你们每个人,我送上四个祝愿:

1、祝愿你勇敢而幸运。命运偏爱勇者。

2、祝愿你给予并收到你需要的反馈。反馈是一种本领。

3、祝愿你给身边每个人以力量。以身作则。

4、祝愿你支持男女平等。向前一步!

祝贺你们!

I am honored to be here today to addressDean Yingyi Qian, Tsinghua SEM’s distinguished faculty, proud family members,supportive friends, and most importantly, the class of 2015. Unlike my boss,Mark Zuckerberg, I do not speak Chinese. For that I apologize. But he didask me to pass along this message – zhuhe. I am thrilled to be here tocongratulate this magnificent class on your graduation.

When Dean Qian invited me to speak today,I thought, come talk to a group of people way younger and cooler than I am? Ican do that. I do that every day at Facebook, since Mark is 15 yearsyounger than I am and many of our employees are more his contemporaries thanmine. I like being surrounded by young people, except when they say tome, “What was it like being at university without a mobile phone?” or worse,“Sheryl, can you come here? We need to see what old people think of thisfeature.”

I graduated from Harvard College with anEconomics degree in 1991 and Harvard Business School with an MBA in 1995 – so Iwent to the Tsinghua of the United States. This was not that long ago.But I can tell you: the world has changed an awful lot in just 25 years. My business school class tried to have our school’s first online class.We had to pass out a list of screen names because it was unthinkable to putyour real name on the internet. And it did not work because the system keptcrashing – it just wasn’t possible for 90 people to communicate at onceonline.

But for a few brief moments in betweencrashes, we glimpsed the future - a future where technology would connect us toour colleagues, our relatives, our friends. The world we live in today is one Icould not have imagined when I was sitting where you are. And 25 yearsfrom now, you will have helped shape your generation’s world.

As graduates of Tsinghua, you will beleaders not just in China, but globally. China is a world leader in terms ofeducational attainment and economic growth. It is not just political andbusiness leaders that recognize the importance of China. Many American parentsrealize it as well; the hardest schools to get into in the San Francisco Bayarea where I live are those that teach Chinese.

But the fact is countries don’t lead:People lead.

As you graduate today, you start your pathtoward leadership. What kind of leader will you be? How much impact onothers will you have? What will be your mark on the world?

At Facebook, we have posters on our wallsto remind us to think big – to challenge ourselves to do more each and everyday. There are important leadership lessons reflected in these posters – andtoday, I want to cover four of them that I think can be meaningful for you.

Facebook exists because Mark believed thatthe world would be a better place if people could use technology to connect asindividuals. He believed it so much that he dropped out of HarvardCollege to pursue that mission and he fought to hold onto it over the years. What Mark did was not lucky. It was bold.

It’s unusual to find your passion as earlyas Mark. It took me far longer to figure out what I wanted to do. When Iwas sitting in a graduation robe, I could not have considered a job at Facebookbecause the internet did not exist – and Mark was only 11 years old. I thoughtI would only ever work for the government or a philanthropic organizationbecause I believed these institutions made the world a better place whilecompanies only worked towards profits. But when I was working at the USTreasury Department, I saw from afar how much impact technology companies werehaving on the world and I changed my mind. So when my government job ended, Idecided to move to Silicon Valley.

In retrospect, this seems like a shrewdmove. But in 2001, it was questionable at best. The tech bubble had burst.Large companies were doing massive layoffs and small companies were going outof business. I gave myself four months to find a job. It took almost ayear. In one of my first interviews, a tech company CEO said to me, “I tookthis meeting as a favor to a friend but I would never hire someone like you –people from the government can’t work in technology.”

Eventually I persuaded someone to hire me,and fourteen years later, I still love working in tech. It was not my originalplan but I got there -- eventually.

I hope if you find yourself on one pathbut longing for something else, you find a way to get there. And if that isn’tright, try again. Try until you find something that stirs your passion, ajob that matters to you and matters to others. It’s a luxury to combinepassion and contribution. It’s also a clear path to happiness.

At Facebook, I knew that the mostimportant determinant of my performance would be my relationship with Mark.When I joined, I asked Mark for a commitment that he would give me feedbackevery week so that anything that bothered him would be aired and discussedquickly. Mark not only said yes but added that he wanted it to bereciprocal. For the first few years, we stuck to this routine and met everyFriday afternoon to voice concerns big and small. As the years went by, sharinghonest reactions became part of our relationship and we now do so in real timerather than waiting for the end of the week.

Getting feedback from your boss is onething, but it’s every bit as important to get feedback from those who work foryou. This is not an easy thing to do as employees are often eager to pleasethose above them and don’t want to criticize or question their higher-ups.

One of my favorite examples of this comesfrom Wall Street. In 1990, Bob Rubin became the CEO of Goldman Sachs. At the end of his first week, he looked at Goldman’s books and noticedlarge investments in gold. He asked someone why . The answer? “Thatwas you, sir.” “Me?” he replied. Apparently, the day before he hadbeen walking around on the trading floor and he commented to someone that “goldlooks interesting.” This got repeated as “Rubin likes gold” and someonespent millions of dollars to make the new boss happy.

On a smaller scale, I have faced a similarchallenge. When I joined Facebook, one of my tasks was to build the businessside of the company -- but without destroying the engineering-driven culturethat made Facebook great. So one of the things I tried to do wasdiscourage people from doing formal PowerPoint presentations for meetings withme. At first, I asked nicely. Everyone ignored me and kept doing theirpresentations. So about two years in, I said, “OK, I usually hate rules but Inow have a rule: no more PowerPoint in my meetings.”

About a month later I was about to addressour global sales team, when someone said to me, “Before you get on that stage,you really should know everyone’s pretty upset about the no PowerPoint withclients thing.” I was shocked. I had never banned thesepresentations for clients! I just did not want them in meetings with me. How could we present to our clients without PowerPoint? So I got on thestage and said, “One, I meant no PowerPoint with me. And two, next timeyou hear a bad idea – like not doing proper client presentations – speak up. Even if you think it is what I have asked for, tell me I am wrong!”

A good leader recognizes that mostemployees won’t feel comfortable challenging authority, so it falls uponauthority to solicit feedback. I learned from my PowerPoint mistake. Inow ask my colleagues “What could I do better?” And I always thank the personwho has the guts to answer me honestly, often by praising them publicly. I firmly believe that you lead best when you walk side-by-side with yourcolleagues. When you don’t just talk but you also listen.

When I started my career, I observedpeople in leadership roles and thought, “They’re so lucky. They have so muchcontrol.” So imagine my surprise when I took a course in business school onleadership and was told that as you get more senior, you are more dependent onother people. At the time, I thought my professors were wrong.

They were right. I am dependent on mysales team…not the other way around. If they fall short, it is my mistake. As aleader, what I can accomplish is not just what I can do myself but whateveryone on my team does.

Companies in every country operate in waysthat are right for their cultures. But I believe that there are someprinciples of leadership that are universal -- and one of those is that it isbetter to inspire than to direct. Yes, people will do what their bossestell them to do in most organizations. But great leaders do not just wantto secure compliance. They want to elicit genuine enthusiasm, completetrust, and real dedication. They don’t just win the minds of their teams,they win their hearts. If they believe in your organization’s mission andthey believe in you, they will not only do their daily tasks well, but theywill do them with true passion.

No one won more hearts than my belovedhusband Dave Goldberg who passed away suddenly two months ago. Dave was a trulyinspiring leader. He was kind. He was generous. He was thoughtful. Heraised the level of performance of everyone around him. He did it as CEO ofSurveyMonkey, an amazing company that he helped build. He did it for me and forour children.

A friend of ours named Bill Gurley, aleading venture capitalist in Silicon Valley, wrote a post where he urgedothers to “Be Like Dave.” Bill wrote, “Dave showed us all exactly what being agreat human being looks like… But it was never frustrating because Dave’sgreatness was not competitive or threatening, it was gentle, inspirational, andegoless. He was the quintessential standard for the notion of leading byexample.”

Harvard Business School Professor FrancesFrei has said “leadership is about making others better as a result of yourpresence and making sure that impact lasts in your absence.“ Like Dave, you cando this for others over the course of your career.

As the Chinese proverb holds – “women holdup half the sky.” This is quoted all over the world and women have a specialrole in China’s history and present.

When the world has gathered to discuss thestatus and advancement of women, we’ve done it here in Beijing. In 1995, theBeijing Declaration and Platform for Action – which called for women’s full andequal participation in life and decision-making – was adopted by 189governments. Last year, on the 20th anniversary of that historic declaration,leaders again gathered here to mobilize around what has become known as thepromise of Beijing: equality for women and men.

Yet while we all acknowledge theimportance and strength of women, when we look at leadership roles in everycountry, they are overwhelmingly held by men. In almost every country in theworld – including the United States and China – less than 6% of the topcompanies are run by women. Women hold fewer leadership roles in everyindustry. This means that when it comes to making the decisions that affect allus, women’s voices are not heard equally.

There are many reasons for the genderleadership gap – outright discrimination, greater responsibilities at home, alack of flexibility in the workplace, and importantly, our stereotypicalexpectations. While cultures differ all over the globe, our stereotypesof men and women are remarkably similar. Although the status of women ischanging and evolving in China and many parts of the world, traditionalexpectations and stereotypes linger. To this day, in the US, in China,and everywhere, men are expected to lead, be assertive, succeed. Womenare expected to share, be communal, acquiesce to others. We expect leadershipfrom boys and men. But when a little girl leads, we call her “bossy” inEnglish, or qiang shi in Chinese.

Other social barriers also hold womenback. Women are often excluded from professional networks—like Guanxi--and bothformal and informal socializing that is critical for job advancement. This isalso true in the United States, where men often chose to mentor other meninstead of women.

I believe that the world would be a betterplace if men ran half our homes and women ran half our institutions – and thegood news is that we can change the stereotypes and get to real equality. Wecan support women who lead in the workforce. We can find more balance in thehome by fathers helping mothers with housekeeping and childrearing; more equalmarriages are happier and more active fathers raise more successful children. We can walk up to someone who calls a little girl “bossy,” and say instead,“That little girl is not bossy. That little girl has executive leadershipskills.”

And I want to make this very clear—equality is not just good for women. It’s good for everyone. Femaleparticipation in the workforce is a major driver of economic growth. Companies that recognize the full talents of the entire populationoutperform those that do not. AliBaba CEO Jack Ma, who stood here lastyear, has said that “one of the secret sauces for Alibaba’s success is that wehave a lot of women… without women, there would be no Alibaba.” Womenhold 40 percent of all jobs at Alibaba and 35 percent of senior positions – farmore than most companies anywhere in the world.

Great leaders don’t just develop peoplelike them, they develop everyone. If you want to be a great leader, youwill develop the women – as well as the men – at your companies and on yourteams.

Our peers can help us develop, too. When Lean In was published in 2013, we launched LeanIn.org, a nonprofitwith a mission to empower all women to achieve their ambitions. LeanIn.Org helps form Lean In Circles, small peer groups who met regularlyto share and learn together. There are now over 23,000 circles in more than 100countries.

The first international Lean In Circle Iever met with was in Beijing -- a group of young professional women whogathered to support each other’s professional ambitions and challenge the ideaof “shengnu,” leftover women. In the past 2 years, they have built anetwork of Circles throughout China from working professionals to universitystudents – women and men who come together to support equality. One of theseCircles is at Tsinghua, and I met with them earlier this morning. I wasinspired by their passion for their studies and their careers. As one membertold me, “it was when I first joined Lean In Tsinghua that I began to fullyunderstand the Chinese proverb, A just cause enjoys abundant support.”

I believe your generation will do a betterjob than mine at fixing the problem of gender inequality. So we turn to you. You are the promise for a more equal world.

Today is a day of celebration. A dayto celebrate your accomplishments, the hard work that brought you to thismoment.

This is a day of gratitude. A day tothank the people who helped you get here – the people who nurtured you, taughtyou, cheered you on and dried your tears. Today is a day of reflection. A day to think about what kind of leader you want to be.

I believe that you are the future leaders,not only of China but of the world. And for each of you, I wish four things:

1. That you are bold and have goodfortune. Fortune favors the bold

2. That you give and get the feedback youneed. Feedback is a gift

3. That you empower everyone. Nothing issomebody else’s problem.

4. That you support equality. Lean In!

Congratulations!

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